How to Obtain a Green Card for Victims of Crime: Insights from Andrew T. Thomas, Attorneys at Law

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How to Apply for a U-Visa

Imagine living in constant fear, hesitant to seek justice after experiencing a serious crime due to worries about deportation. Sadly, this is the reality for many individuals. However, the U.S. offers hope through the U visa. This visa relieves non-citizens who are victims of certain crimes, allowing them to come forward and work towards becoming lawful permanent residents.

To be eligible for a U visa, a person must have been a victim of a qualifying crime and suffered significant physical or mental abuse. They must also be willing to assist law enforcement in investigating or prosecuting the crime. Victims’ support is vital for our justice system, making the U visa an important tool for enhancing community safety.

Individuals awarded a U visa may ultimately seek a Green Card, provided they fulfill certain criteria, including maintaining an ongoing physical presence in the U.S.

At Andrew T. Thomas, Attorneys at Law, we are committed to guiding victims through this complex process. We focus on educating our clients about their legal rights and options, empowering them to make informed decisions on their journey to healing and legal residency.

Understanding U Nonimmigrant Status

U nonimmigrant status is a temporary visa intended to safeguard victims of specific crimes who have endured significant mental or physical harm. This visa also encourages these individuals to assist law enforcement or government authorities in investigating or prosecuting criminal offences. Beyond providing protection, U status offers a route to permanent residency.

Who Qualifies for U Nonimmigrant Status?

To qualify for U nonimmigrant status, an individual must be a victim of one of the following serious crimes under U.S. immigration law:

  • Stalking

  • Sexual Assault

  • Female Genital Mutilation

  • Torture

  • Prostitution

  • Sexual Exploitation

  • Felony Assault

  • Obstruction of Justice

  • Domestic Violence

Victims must have suffered substantial physical or mental abuse as a result of the crime. Additionally, they must be willing to assist law enforcement in investigating or prosecuting criminal activity.

This cooperation is essential, and a certification from law enforcement confirming the victim’s assistance is a critical part of the application process.

U nonimmigrant status not only aids victims in gaining legal protection but also strengthens community safety by supporting law enforcement efforts to address and reduce criminal activity.

Eligibility Criteria for a Green Card as a Crime Victim

Moving from U nonimmigrant status to lawful permanent resident (Green Card) status requires meeting certain eligibility requirements. The law stipulates the individual must:

  • Be lawfully admitted in U-1 nonimmigrant status.

  • Have a continuous physical presence in the U.S. for at least three years.

  • Have not unreasonably refused to assist in the prosecution of the qualifying crime.

  • Must not fall under the inadmissibility criteria outlined in section 212(a)(3)(E) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA).

It’s imperative for victims to comply with these criteria, ensuring continued support from law enforcement and fulfilling the physical presence requirements. If a person is deemed inadmissible, they may seek a waiver under U.S. immigration law.

For more insight into this immigration pathway, the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) offers a resource on obtaining a Green Card for a Victim of a Crime (U Nonimmigrant), which can further define the transition from a U visa to a lawful permanent residency.

Victims of crime considering this status can also find valuable information on the U Nonimmigrant Status that expands on the criteria and the application process.

The Application Process

Through the U nonimmigrant status—commonly known as the U visa—hope is on the horizon. But how do we navigate the process of applying for a Green Card?

First, we must file Form I-918, Petition for U.S. Nonimmigrant Status, with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). No filing fee is required for this form, a small solace amid a complex procedure.

Accompanying our petition, we must compile robust evidence that demonstrates that we have been victims of qualifying criminal activity and have assisted law enforcement.

Upon approval of our U visa, we may apply for a Green Card via Form I-485,  after three consecutive years of presence in the U.S. This form has a filing fee, but fee waivers are available if we face financial difficulties.

Here’s a simplified breakdown:

  1. File Form I-918, Petition for U Nonimmigrant Status.
  2. Include substantial evidence of victimization and helpfulness to law enforcement.
  3. After U visa approval, maintain three years of physical presence in the U.S.
  4. File Form I-485 to adjust to lawful permanent resident status.

During the wait, we may seek employment authorization to legally work in the U.S. To do this, we need to file Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization, to obtain an Employment Authorization Document (EAD) or work permit.

Navigating this path requires careful attention to detail and adherence to USCIS regulations. While complications may arise, such as processing delays or document requests, with meticulous planning and perseverance, we can steer through the pathways of U.S. immigration law.

How Andrew T. Thomas, Attorneys at Law Can Help

At Andrew T. Thomas, Attorneys at Law, we can guide you through this legal labyrinth with unwavering dedication.

We offer a personalized case assessment to understand the unique aspects of your situation. Legal status in the U.S. is not just a desire but a necessity for stability. By assessing each individual case, we strategize an appropriate route to lawful permanent residence, including the pursuit of immigration benefits under the U visa for crime victims.

Our role as your immigration attorney includes robust legal representation, especially during crucial interactions with the USCIS and law enforcement agencies.

Securing immigration protection can be daunting, so we stand beside you, ensuring that all communications are handled professionally and adhere to legal standards.

Should you choose us, we are committed to facilitating a path toward your immigration benefits without the false promises of guaranteeing ‘the best’ outcome. Instead, we deliver precise and effective legal services tailored to your unique needs.

Our goal is to help victims of crime pave their way to a new beginning and the peace of mind that comes with secure legal status in the U.S.


As we discuss the journey of qualifying crime victims seeking stability and security through a Green Card, it’s important to gauge the legal process’s landscape. The fear of deportation looms heavily on these individuals, yet the protections offered through the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) can provide a path to permanence. 

Importantly, the USCIS policy manual outlines criteria to establish eligibility and grants discretion in cases involving humanitarian concerns or family unity.

To navigate the complexities of admissibility requirements, applicants must provide evidence of being a victim of a qualified crime and comply with the necessary conditions. This includes assisting law enforcement in the investigation or prosecution of criminal activity. Ensuring one’s address remains safe throughout this process is also essential, as confidentiality is key to protection.

Victims of domestic violence, for instance, may seek aid through specific provisions that allow them to apply for a Green Card independently, even in the absence of the abuser’s cooperation—highlighting a significant step toward empowerment and recovery.

  • Eligibility Determination: U nonimmigrant status as a foundation.

  • Application Process: Adherence to USCIS procedures.

  • Overcoming Admissibility Issues: Legal resources can assist with waivers.

  • Discretionary Judgment: Case-by-case evaluation for humanitarian, family, or public interest factors.

Professional legal guidance can be a beacon of hope for those feeling overwhelmed by this process. Given the intricacy of immigration law, consulting with experienced attorneys, such as Andrew T. Thomas, Attorneys at Law, can clarify doubts and facilitate proper steps towards obtaining lawful permanent residence.

Supporting crime victims on their path to a new beginning is a crucial service that reflects our commitment to justice and compassion in the face of adversity.